MABALACAT HISTORY AND LEGEND
Like many places in the country, Mabalacat City has its untold history. It all started as a small barrio of Bamban, Tarlac in 1712 wherein the early settlers were the Negritos or Aetas led by Caragan. In 1792, it turned into a town where the name took more of inspiration from the Balacat trees that were all thriving and abundant that time – resulting to the present name of “Mabalacat”.
Mabalacat became a first class municipality in July 1996. One barangay, Marcos Village, is inhabited by Negritos who live in bungalow houses and speak broken English. Its land of 15,262 hectares is more than double that of Angeles City’s. Two-thirds of the land area of Clark Air Base was taken from Mabalacat. Its people are peace-loving and God-fearing as well as hardworking and industrious. They speak the Kapampangan dialect, which is very rich in vocabulary and culture.
An enormous development has been distinguished on the succeeding years. A total population of 2,611 in 1853 was recorded, and having established barangays like Babangdapi, Malabni, Paglimbunan, and Duquit. Additional barangays flourished in the year 1903 named Bical, Bundagul, Dapdap, Dau, Dolores, Iba, Mabiga, Mamatitang, Mangalit, Matas, Mawaque, Paralayunan, Poblacion, San Francisco, San Joaquin, Sta. Ines, Sta. Maria, Sapang Balen, and Sapang Biabas.
Within these evolving decades, from 19 original barangays, it grew to more numbers including the Atlu Bola, Cacutud, Calumpang, Camachiles, Lakandula, Macapagal Village, Marcos Village, Poblacion, Sto. Rosario, and lastly Tabun-– that were all inhabited by 215,610 residents as per by Population Statistics in 2010.
MABALACAT’S NATURAL HISTORY
As people leisurely walks around Mabalacat City, they may still examine the predominance of volcanic ashes on its grounds. Sprinkled around are pebbles and stones of volcanic derivation such as pumice, granite, basalt, and tuff. All of these have been voiceless of thousands of years of active and often times violent volcanic activities in the region. Intimidating at the background is the reason, the mighty Mt. Pinatubo while on the southern side calmly rests the legendary Mt. Arayat.
Geologic studies revealed that thousands of years ago, Zambales was once an island separated from the island of Luzon by a narrow strait. On the eastern shores of ancient Zambales, island laid the area which eventually became the territory of Mabalacat.
The Mabalacat east territory of Zambales became surrounded by land. The islands that once scattered the passage became hills and small mountains. After its last major eruption in the 13th century, Mt. Pinatubo rested for hundreds of years. With this profusion, the region attracted the wandering Pinatubo Aeta, who after discovery since time immemorial, have found a place which would become their inherited home.
Mabalacat City is located in the central part of Pampanga occupying 5.33% of the whole area of the province. It sits next-door of Angeles City and covers the three-thirds of the known Clark Freeport Zone– where tons of hotels, leisure parks, casinos, and even wide golf courses are located.
Heading Mabalacat is now as easy as a pie through the use of the North Luzon Expressway (NLEX) and Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway (SCTEX), the country’s premier and most integrated toll roads built for a hassle-free and fast-travel experience. On another note, the ins and outs of it are pretty accessible via well-paved provincial roads for a smooth transit.
CLARK FREEPORT ZONE (CFZ)
Pure and still historic, that is how Clark Freeport Zone being described. It has conserved its own proofs of the past. Today, hundreds of employees, mostly from Pampanga, Tarlac and Bulacan provinces, are working at the Clark Freeport Zone.
The Philippine’s second Freeport Zone and was formerly claimed as the largest American military airbase exists within the land of Pampanga, the Clark Freeport Zone. It has sustainable to transform into a modern industrial domain from being an American military base many years ago. Positioned on the northwest side of Angeles City and on the west side of Mabalacat City, the Freeport is in a tactical location that is harmonized with fitting infrastructure by the government.
Eventually, Clark Air Base was renamed Clark Freeport Philippines on March 20, 2007, under the former President Gloria Macapagal- Arroyo administration. This has bowed Clark into a Freeport, which allowed investors to enjoy tax-free and other duty-free privileges, parallel to counterparts at the Subic Bay Freeport Zone, the country’s first successful case of a military base that was converted into a tax and duty-free zone through volunteerism. From a clean slate of being an economic zone, Clark steps up its game to a bigger transformation for it will emerge as the next new Global City within 10 years from now. The Freeport is also expected to be the next refuge for the business process outsourcing industry.
With the help of some Asian countries like Japan, China, and Singapore, along with world-class urban planners, the vision of carrying the brand of Clark Global City, stimulated by the BGC (Bonifacio Global Center) in Taguig, will rise beyond the limits of what the future can hold. High-end infrastructures, a skyline of towers, train railways, and a smart sustainable city is the portrait they foresaw. The new metropolis of the country will be the heart of the advanced economic life that would change the way we live. Innovation and connectivity are the tickets that will make this all possible, letting Clark stand out from the crowd.
With a rising labor force, the Clark Freeport Zone also serves as the center of leisure, fitness, entertainment, and gaming in Central Luzon and has been influential as a hub for the country’s aviation, education and tourism sectors. The zone also addresses the eyed future air gateway of the country which is the Clark International Airport (CIA) that is expected to decongest an army of flights on Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) soon.
Pampanga has been considered as the Heart of Filipino Cuisines as it is the Culinary Capital of the Philippines. Food will always be the name of the game anywhere in Pampanga, and one of these Cities is Mabalacat. Noted for its innate passion, style, and expertise in cooking inspired by the Spaniards way back in the colonial era, it’s no wonder why there are obviously armies who have a high regard for food parks, restaurants, and various cafes run by these master chefs, the Kapampangans.
Aside from food havens, Mabalacat is also overflowing with diverse culture and history as seen on its baroque churches, old mansions, museums, and even religious pilgrimages sitting uphill that can be pursued through hiking-– all of these have become a favorite destination of devotees from different places most especially during the Lenten season.
And if you are on board to witness colorful, vibrant festivals and events, then hop on to Mabalacat to see what it has to offer. The festive and sought-after Caragan Festival is traditionally celebrated here. As Pampanga has been known as the Christmas Capital of the Philippines, Mabalaqueños gather every Christmas Eve to parade their barangay patron saints is also one of the most awaited events in Mabalacat City which are intermittent by a barangay procession of Christmas lanterns converging at the churchyard of Our Lady of Grace Parish.
These entire ideas are ought to be Mabalacat’s cultural gems as they convey the province’s story of history, religious values, and advancing modern-day heritage that helped Pampanga that we all know today.
FESTIVAL, EVENT & ACTIVITIES
Splendidly cultural, artful, and entertaining – that’s what Caragan Festival spells for. This festival is being held on the 3rd week of February which is significantly participated by the whole city that showcases loads of activities whereas the street dance and parade is the most featured one as the performers are armored with vying multicolored costumes while on the perfect beat in the interpretation of the old Aeta heritage.
It is an event that is also part of the Fiestang Caragan held for the benefit of the local farmers in Mabalacat. It is a way of giving thanks to the contribution of the said farmers in the field of agriculture and a time to honor the humble beginnings of the town when in fact farming is their primary source of livelihood way back then.
Lo and behold to the renowned search of Mabalacat’s fairest queen, the Queen Mabalacat. It is usually being done between the days of January to February. It witnesses how Mabalacat’s own group of stunners make their mark-– not only as favored for their charm, but also for their grace, ingenious capability, and the upholding values of what a Mabalaquena should be.
It is men’s turn to prove that world of pageantry isn’t just only made for women but for them as well. In part of the long festivity, the Haring Caragan pageant is a venue for charismatic, captivating, and ideal gentlemen of Mabalacat-– in a mission to bag the deserving title of the said locale. Inflaming the stage with fire, it is not just about competing for the coveted crown but also possessing the persona of being a proper and gentle in spirit to pay tribute to Aetas.
It is quite historic to see one out of a thousand parishes in the Philippines who still practices an old tradition brought by Spanish and that is the Our Lady of Grace Parish situated in Mabalacat City. The Pastorela is a collective performance of religious parts of the Mass which includes Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, and Agnus Dei that is incorporated with the flair of classic opera and the dramatic piece as performed by the parish’s choir on the 9th day of the Simbang Gabi.
Christmas Eve, 24thof December
Yes, it’s an annual religious procession on a Christmas Eve in Mabalacat! Mabalaqueños congregate every Christmas Eve to parade their barangay patron saints with a multitude of beautiful Christmas lanterns. However, regardless of their patron saints, everyone is being united to raise love and loyalty to offer tributes and prayers to Our Lady of Grace, the patron Saint of Mabalacat. At 8:00 p.m., just hours before Noche Buena, when all the barangay parties have arrived, the lantern procession called Maytinis, begins.
OFFICIAL FIESTA CALENDAR OF ACTIVITIES 2019
NATIONAL ARTS MONTH
Photo exhibit and history timeline
The National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) is leading the celebrations all over the country. The annual celebration of National Arts Month started with the signing of Presidential Proclamation 683, in 1991, declaring February as National Arts Month. Over the years, NCCA, as well as private and government agencies, has been organizing events and activities to highlight the artistic brilliance of Filipinos. Mabalacat city celebrated through performances and exhibits.
Sayaw Pinoy sa Pampanga
The annual program of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) for the promotion of the art form in the country. Dancers of different genres from various parts of the country recently trooped to Mabalacat city in Pampanga province for Sayaw Pinoy. It was held at Mabalacat City College and at Pampanga State Agricultural University.
PLACES OF INTEREST
Air Force City Aircraft Park (Clark Freeport Mabalacat City, Pampanga, Central Luzon, 2010)
In the vast open field of the park is the full trade fair of aircraft, flying machines, and many other aviation equipment which was used by the Philippine Air Force. Air Force City Park is an exceptional leisure facility for kids, young, and old. If you desire to be an air force fighter pilot, this is somehow your opportunity. The amenities that the park offers are a perfect venue for family leisure too, whether to stroll, jog, have a picnic and even play sports like badminton and Frisbee. The aircraft park is your go-to spot to relax and unwind especially during weekends. Bring anyone you can and explore helicopters, jets, and anti-aircraft gunnery.
Aqua Planet (Bounded by J.P. Rizal Avenue and Prince Balagtas Avenue Clark Freeport Zone Philippines, Clark Freeport Zone, Angeles City )
Be prepared for the most unforgettable #WatermazingExperience as Pampanga seize you to a whole new element of breathtaking fun and excitement. Located in Asia’s next aerotropolis, Clark Freeport Zone, the visually inviting Aqua Planet boasts world-class facilities joint with top-notch services. It is the most eventual summer getaway for you, your friends and your family! With its 10-hectare possessions and over 38 attractions and awe-inspiring waterslides, Aqua Planet is undeniably a world-class water theme park for everyone. Don’t forget to bring a camera because this water park is definitely Instagram-worthy! Aqua Planet offers rides and attractions for all ages. There are separate waterslides as well as wave pool for kids and adults. All the attractions here are 100% safe and harmless. You can easily find lifeguards in every area. Aqua Planet doesn’t cater reservations yet. It opens at 9:00 AM and closes at 5:00 PM for walk-ins. the date, have fun and experience this once in a lifetime adventure!
Clark International Speedway (Clark Freeport, Mabalacat, Pampanga)
Its Construction began in early 2007. The Clark International Speedway is a ground built to unleash the racers’ passion and bravery as it shows off a 4.1-km race track split into two courses with its speedway bound r in counter-clockwise. It exclusively opened to the public in November 2008 having only the drag strip completed. The West Course was then completed in 2009 which was followed by the East Course. Racers can do drag racing, drifting, motorcycle racing, carting, or touring cars. Being the fifth race track in the Philippines, it will not impossible if it’ll host some of the country’s famed racing events such as the Toyota Vios Cup, Asian V8 Championship, and Philippine GT Championship to mention a few. Gradually, the pit lane, paddock, grandstand were built over time.
Clark Museum (Mabalacat City, Pampanga, Central Luzon, 2010)
It is a humble interpretation that Clark has its own tale of deep and historical past. Multiple artistic murals, pictures, dioramas, preserved artifacts, and authentic replicas are all seen along its halls, recounting the overwhelming transition of the previous military base into a Freeport zone that is well-known today. It has also a 4D theatre re-filming the catastrophic blast of the renowned Mt. Pinatubo. Furthermore, Clark Museum speaks of the Filipino spirit of industry, bravery, and ingenuity of a nation’s self-governing place. It momentarily tells a huge story, a bigger world from which Clark booms of social and economic advances, and with relentless progress.
Clark Nature Park (Gil Puyat Ave., Clark Free Port Zone, Angeles City, Pampanga)
This is one of the perfect places for business programs with nature park, all in a safe, peaceful and secure environment. It’s an eco-recreation venue for school fieldtrips, camping, retreats, and picnics, company outings, and team building activities, events and parties. From having a wonderful family picnic, a fun Zipline Ride or an overnight camping adventure, Clark Nature Park was designed to make your visit more memorable. It has substitute forms of outdoor activities that stimulate body, minds, and spirit in a landscape of manmade and natural resources.
Clark El Kabayo (Gil Puyat Avenue corner Panday Pita, Clark Freeport Zone, Angeles City, Pampanga)
This tourist spot is a replica of an old western town directly out of an American cowboy movie. You will find here the mock-up leisure of an old-west trading post, hotel, telegraph office, general store, inn/restaurant, post office, bank drugstore and more. If you enjoy watching John Wayne and Clint Eastwood in their glory days of Tinsel Town, you will sense and experience as if you are on the set of one of their productions when you visit El Kabayo.
Comercio Central (Parade ground, Clark Freeport Zone)
Comercio Central is located at the Parade ground and opens every weekend (Fri-Sat-Sun) starting at 7pm. It is more than a lifestyle market place with shopping, dining and entertainment choices and a nice place to hang out or a place for family outing.
Dinosaurs Island (Clark Picnic Grounds, Gil Puyat Ave, Mabalacat, 2023)
The place to capture your mind in experiencing the era of dinosaurs and learn about how they lived before people existed is through visiting Dinosaurs Island. You’ll be surrounded by various species of monstrous-size dinosaurs and reptiles that are all animatronics, producing a more real-like environment for all the guests, and visitors. It has also a jungle safari, a fossil museum, and miniatures of the world wonder like the Great Pyramid of Giza.
Fontana Water Park (C.M. Recto Highway, Clark Freeport Zone, Pampanga)
Experience and feel where you can enjoy swimming with your family and friends. Today, Fontana Water Park is the Philippines’ largest, newest, and most advanced integrated Leisure Park. It features a world-class Wave Pool which automatically fabricates various types of waves and Three Giant Aqua Thrill Slides. Give yourself a break and have fun at the Water Factory and Pirate Ship. Fontana also features Olympic Size Pool, Hot Spring, and Lagoon Pool all situated in Upper Water Park.
Haduan Falls(Clark Freeport, Mabalacat, Pampanga)
This nuzzling paradise, one of the hidden gems in Pampanga in general, is your new summer haven you shouldn’t miss. The Haduan Falls is a living proof of a novelist’s quote “The greatest secrets are always hidden in the most unlikely of places.” While on a trek to pursue the unspoiled gem, a panoramic view of rugged mountain ranges in Pampanga will surely grasp your attention. A stretched hanging bridge is also on display. The experience of mini-rappelling activities and wall-climbing of stones guarantee you that this will be an adventure like no other where you can spend time falling in love on what our nature has to offer.
Nayong Pilipino(Centennial Rd, Clark Field, Mabalacat, 2010)
You don’t need to waste your time in going any further just to witness the past. A time machine in Clark named Nayong Pilipino will indulge your desire in an educational tour tackling the historic events and relentless culture of the country, all seen in one location. Nayong Pilipino is probably a representation in a miniature-version of the dissimilar Philippines and its culture. This history-learning facility, recreational, and leisure, is divided in several geographically-sectionalized exhibit areas. From improvised villages, old-Spanish plaza, life-size statues, and replicas of landmarks, outdoor amphitheater, to some ancestral houses of Emilio Aguinaldo, Apolinario Mabini, and Jose Rizal – The Nayong Pilipino retells the chronicle of our yesteryears and shows our roots that molded us even up to this age.
Paradise Ranch (Leisure Park and Wildlife Sanctuary) (Mabalacat City, Pampanga, Central Luzon, 2010, Philippines)
Paradise Ranch is a jam-packed tourist spot with exciting outdoor activities and fascinating areas all wedged for a good day tour and the right escapes from the lively city life. The ranch’s top mission is to kindle the sense of environment conservancy. Also, Paradise Ranch is very dedicated in upholding environmental preservation, most especially on reforestation by giving jobs to many poor individuals who share the same passion in helping save and conserve the environment. It coops a zoo of both farm and exotic animals, has a cartoon town, lagoon butterfly garden, and even a swimming pool. There’s also a peak overlooking a scenic view at the top that’s worth the hike. Teepee huts are well-lined at an ideal location for camping. It also offers recreation activities like rock-climbing, zip-lining, trekking and many more.
Zoocobia Fun Zoo (Clark Freeport, Angeles, Pampanga)
This Zoo offers an enjoyable and amusing filled activity for the family and can be educational attractions for students. It is an adventure zoo theme park that provides a variety of heart-stopping and exciting rides. Inside Zoocobia, you will find colorful birds where you can feed and see them up close and personal as well as other interesting wild animal species inside.
HISTORICAL SITES & MARKERS
Oratorio of the Santo Niño (Cunanan Family)
The small ancient Sto. Niño owned by the Cunanan Family is believed to be one of the oldest sacred images in Mabalacat City. It has its own shrine – a prayer room open to public and being processioned annually during the feast day of the Holy Child Jesus.
Tabun Chapel (ca. 1950 – 1960S, Tabun)
Ruins of what used to be a chapel can be viewed in Barangay Tabun but it was covered greatly by lahar during the Pinatubo Volcanic Eruption in 1991.
The Garcia-Perez House (ca. 1850-1860s, Poblacion, Mabalacat City)
This ancient home is reputedly the oldest heritage house in Mabalacat City. It was built by Eulalio Tolentino, a premiere haciendero and a former Gobernadorcillo of Mabalacat, for his wife Lorena Lugtu. This house is made of Narra posts, and Apitong wood with interiors characterized by intricate Antillian-style cutwork on the transoms, massive double doors and wide floorboards. It once served as a school in the early 20th century and a Japanese soldiers’ outpost during the World War II.
The Mariano De La Cruz House (ca. 1880s, Sta. Ines, Mabalacat City)
Built by Mariano de la Cruz, a former Municipal President of Mabalacat City. His mansion stood sturdy along the Sta. Ines Expressway Exit. Its most interesting feature is a cast cement figure of a woman holding a basket of fruits, mounted in the middle of a flower garden. The beautifully designed ancestral house is currently being resided by the family heirs, Ernesto and Irada de la Cruz.
The Morales Mansion (1924, Sta. Ines, Mabalacat City)
The 84-year-old ancestral house is a two-storey concrete and wood structure infused with geometric and art deco elements considered modern in those times. It is owned by Don Quentin Morales and Doña Paula Guzman who were both members of the town principalla. The house was used as a shooting location of “Mga Tigre ng Sierra Cruz”, a war-themed movie in 1972 starring Vilma Santos, Dan Rivero and Charito Solis. Today, with some renovations, the Morales Mansion is being used by the Dominican Sisters of San Fernando.
The Tower House of Dela Cruz-Lim (1932, Sta. Ines, Mabalacat City)
The most visible landmark in the city. The house of sugar planter Vicente Dela Cruz stood along the Sta. Ines Expressway Exit. The well-preserved mansion was featured in the Pampanga Social Register book of 1936. The most notable part is the tower, built separately from the house. The structure was made to help the daughter of Dela Cruz, Constancia who suffered from tuberculosis in her youth to get some some fresh air.
Barn Houses (Clark Freeport Zone)
These houses were built in 1904 that costs $1,309 per unit. It was built along the humid architecture designs by Filipino, Chinese, and Japanese laborers. The area was called the Officer’s lane. The huge acacia trees shading the “barns” were also planted at about the same time.
Clark Veterans Cemetery (US Memorial Cemetery) (Clark Freeport Zone)
The cemetery is the interment place for thousands of mostly American veterans and Filipino Scouts who served up in the United States Army, and who died in divergence in World War II on military bases in the Philippines. President Barack Obama signed a law (Public Law 112-260) in January 2013 to operate and maintain Clark Veterans Cemetery following an agreement between the Republic of the Philippines and the United States. It was signed in December 2013 making Clark ABMC’s 25th cemetery. The construction of Manila American Cemetery in 1948 led to disinterment of the non-World War II dead from four post cemeteries onto Clark Air Force Base. The eruption of Mount Pinatubo in June 1991 led the U.S. Air Force to evacuate and Clark AFB was transferred to the Philippines in November 1991. The cemetery sustained to be open for burials after the transfer, but it had been damaged in the eruption and fell into disrepair.
Flagpole Memorial Markers (Clark Freeport Zone)
The flagpole has always been in its present location throughout the history of Clark up until now. It was raised in 1906 by $220. There are four memorial markers namely (1) Monument to the 26th Philippine Cavalry and the US Army: (2) Monument honoring the US Army Air Corps – Philippine Air Force; (3) Roxas Memorial Marker in honor of Philippine President Manuel A. Roxas who died at Clark on April 15, 1948; and (4) Memorial marker commemorating the historic turnover to Philippine government in a formal ceremony held on 26 November 1991.
Former Office of the Commander of the 13th US Air Force (Clark Freeport Zone)
It was once the headquarters of the largest Air Force base outside the US mainland. After the occupation of Camp Stotsenburg, the field officers’ quarters made of wood and grooved iron, were elevated on this site. The present existing structure was accomplished on November 26, 1910, at the cost of $10,901 and was used as a residence of Senior Army officials. After WWII, it became the residence of 13th US Air Force. It is currently designated as the “white house”– official residence of the Philippine Presidents whenever they come to Clark.
Fort Stotsenburg Gate Posts (Parade Grounds, Clark Freeport Zone)
These posts stood at the Dau Gate, the first gateway to Fort Stotsenburg and Clark Field from early 1900 until the Japanese occupation in 1942. The Japanese burrowed them and used them for landfill. The posts were discovered unbroken in the area in 1965. There were several plans to move them elsewhere but in 1984 the US Air Force finally chose the parade grounds as the final erection spot for the posts.
Goddess of Peace Shrine (Clark Freeport Zone)
Kamikaze Shrine (Clark Freeport Zone)
The poising Kamikaze Shrine is a quick stop-over for a historic idea that draws people especially Japanese tourists as it lies on the central facade of the leading Japanese airfield during the World War II. It’s beyond undeniable that this shrine left a mark in our history during the WWII. The isolated figure of Kamikaze is secured by a gate which was built by the courage of young pilots who fought in the historic war back then. This marker is also a proof of the shared peace and long-told history between the Philippines and Japan.
Kamikaze (Divine Wind) East Airfield (Dolores, Mabalacat City)
Kelly Theater (Clark Freeport Zone)
This was constructed in 1953 and serves as the only movie house in Clark. It has a stage with numerous cultural shows and stage plays. This building was the second theater at Clark that bears the name Kelly. The original Kelly Theater was built in 1947 (where the present day IT Center). It was initially erected as a gymnasium, and then later converted into a theater. President Manuel Roxas delivered his speech here on April 15, 1948. Shortly after, a heart attack took his life. The Kelly theaters were named after B-17 pilot Capt. Kolin Kelly, who lost his life in action against the Japanese forces in 1941.Capt. Kelly was declared America’s first hero of WWII by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Old Cannon (Clark Freeport Zone)
Old Cannon is a valuable historical object way back in the time of Filipino-Spanish-American War. It was later covered by Filipino “Insurrecto” guerillas to prevent its capture by the Americans. In 1951, excavation work in Sapang Bato uncovered this piece of ordinance. In 1778, this Cannon Barrel was directed in Peru and risen in the Spanish Warship “Seville”. In line with this, in 1899, it was taken to Sapang Bato Village and was used to assault American forces attacking from Angeles City.
Pres. Manuel Roxas Marker (Clark Freeport Zone)
It was made in reminiscence of the former President Manuel A. Roxas who had a fatal attack at Clark on April 15, 1948. Invited by the Commander of the 13th US Air Force, President Roxas came to see the enormous reconstruction going on in the war-damaged Clark. He delivered a speech at the Kelly Theater and died of a heart attack on the same day.
Salakot is a roof is shaped like a native hat located at the Bayanihan Park. The Bayanihan Park is the epicenter of everyday recreational activities, most likely outdoor activities. The extensive ground of green is usually flocked since it is the right venue for your Friday hang-outs up to Sunday strolls. Different and various events, other small concerts and gatherings are being held here, too. It was constructed during the President Ferdinand Marcos administration to honor the revision of the Military Bases Agreement between Philippines and United States government in 1979.
MABALACAT CITY ESSENTIAL CONTACT NUMBERS
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